cyclone aila wind speed

Aila attacked the southwestern coastal areas of Bangladesh on 25 May 2009 and affected 15 districts, 76 Upazila and 491 Unions. The wind speed had by then gain reached 120 kmph. Although the cyclone did not 'hit' Calcutta in the full sense of the term, the peripheral or outer spiralling winds of Aila began lashing the city since morning. Similarly, this time, the government has already kept the most vulnerable people in the shelters. Amphan is likely to make landfall in Bangladesh tomorrow with maximum sustained wind speed of 155-165kmph, with gusts of up to 185kmh. Cancelled flights and trains led to grounded passengers in stations and air terminals - a situation that so far had only been associated with bandhs. Cyclone Amphan will carry winds with speed greater than Vande Bharat Express, say experts The IMD has warned that extremely severe cyclone Amphan is … The second spell continued till 5.30 p.m. after which the storm headed northwards." Unofficial reports, however, put the toll at 26 and the number of affected at over 2 lakh. Casualty: 650 people, 17,000 cattle. Surrounded aplenty by cats and birds in my building, I have taken to observing and learning from nature and animals. However, both the cyclones mostly hit West Bengal and Orissa. Aila which formed in the Bay of Bengal reached the city with a wind speed of 100 kph. Each of them, left a trail of devastation in the coastal areas and adjoining districts, but most by-passed the metropolis, just like the 'Bijli' a month ago. Cyclone Komen has made landfall in coastal Bangladesh between Bhola and Sandwip. About 150 lives were and 200,000 houses were damaged or destroyed in the aftermath. The New York Times reported that floods and mudslides killed at least 191 people and left hundreds of thousands more homeless. On May 25, Aila's wind speeds ranged from 74 kilometers per hour (46 miles per hour or 40 knots) to 120 kilometers per hour (75 miles per hour or 65 knots). The authorities were able to evacuate more than 2 million people to shelters before cyclones Fani and Bulbul made landfall. The Sunday newspapers ushered in a cyclone warning. We cancelled our plans for taking our guests on a boat ride along Ganga river. We could see the light drizzle being blown away across the surface of the river by the winds, a sight to behold! 2. Warned by both the Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RMSC) and Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC), Aila formed over a disturbance over the Bay of Bengal on May 23, 2009 and started to intensify and organize reaching sustained wind speeds of 110 kmh (70 mph). A r… It is categorized as an “Extremely Severe Cyclone.”. It claimed the lives of 873 people. Cyclone Aila hit Bengal with a wind-speed of 120 kmph in 2009, Fani (only the second cyclone in 128 years to have made landfall in India in the pre-monsoon season) made land- fall on the Odisha coast at 170 kmph in 2019, and now Amphan came with a wind-speed of 185 kmph. Illegal sand mining led to 193 deaths in two years, says report, NGT orders states to designate nodal agencies for restoring water bodies, Madhya Pradesh’s recurring droughts: Measuring, responding and reducing the vulnerabilities, Sustainable mobility amid COVID-19 pandemic. 24th May. About 150 persons were killed and 200,000 houses were damaged in the storm. Nov 15, 2007 ‘Sidr’ Cyclone Sidr hit the country’s coastal belt with a wind speed of 223 km per hour that claimed the lives of 3,363 people. 8/C, FR Tower, Panthapath, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh. Traffic came to a standstill. However, the Disaster Management and Relief Ministry said signal no 10 would be hoisted at these ports from 6am today. What was evident, was the excellent PR exercises maintained throughout by the State authorities and officials, who spoke on TV channels about the disaster management measures undertaken, but not about why they failed to take evacuationary and warning measures before the cyclone. More information and detailed images can be accessed here:Floods from Cyclone Aila in India and Bangladesh, Weathering the Cyclone Aila at Kolkatta : A personal account by Sangeeta Deogawanka. Yet, neither alerts nor warning signals were send out to the general public, till the actual ferocity of the storm was already in force and people caught up in the midst. Copyright Ⓒ 2012-2019. Major arterial roads linking the North to Southern Kolkata, like the VIP Road and Eastern By-Pass remained blocked by fallen trees for a greater part of the day. Under its impact, the maximum wind speed in Calcutta was to be 100kmph. The landfall of the earlier cyclone during high tide had meant the destruction of many more embankments in 2009, though the maximum wind speed at that time had been lower than with Cyclone … It came at 9 p.m. These outer winds had speeds greater than 120kmph". It was nothing new. The Amphan had earlier turned into a super cyclone located 845km southwest of Chittagong port, 795km southwest of Cox’s bazar port, 730km south-southwest of Mongla port, and 725km south-southwest of Payra port. The 1 pm bulletin of the India Metrological Department (IMD) showed that Amphan had turned into a marginally less virulent, but still extremely severe cyclonic storm. In Amphan the eyewall passed right over the City. Aila (2009) had struck the Sunderbans at 110kmph and its maximum speed was 103kmph when it was blowing through the city. Today, a week later, the rapid clean-up operations in the metro are to be commended. To be classified as a hurricane, a tropical cyclone must have one-minute-average maximum sustained winds at 10 m above the surface of at least 74 mph (Category 1). Cyclone Aila (May 25, 2009): Cyclone Aila hit offshore 15 districts of southwestern part of Bangladesh with wind speed of 120 km per hour. Kolkata has learned to move on. When hit cyclone Aila the speed of wind was 95 km per hour. From inaccurate "news alerts" to the city that stood up to the challenge, read on for much more! It said that Cyclone Amphan is feared to be very powerful, equal in intensity with the cyclones of 1991, 1999, and 1970 in Bangladesh. "At one point, the cyclone came as close as 15 km from the city. On Wednesday, the Sunderbans suffered a double blow. The images portray the the loss of hope, submerged dwellings to the struggle to carry on as relief trickles in. Arghyam initiative. A severe storm with a windspeed of 110 kmph, accompanied by heavy rainfall, preceded the cyclone ripping through Kolkata, North and South 24 Parganas, Howrah, Hooghly, Burdwan and East Midnapore districts at 110 kmph. More information and detailed images can be accessed here:Cyclone Aila, Floods from Cyclone Aila in India and Bangladesh, Cyclone Ailia was not a strong storm, but its heavy rains and storm surges were enough to swamp the Mouths of the Ganges River in Bangladesh and India. Severe Cyclonic Storm Aila (JTWC designation: 02B) was the second named tropical cyclone of the 2009 North Indian Ocean cyclone season. According to officials at the Regional Meteorological Centre, in Kolkata, the 'Amphan' cyclone is going to surpass earlier cyclones such as Aila, Fani and Bulbul in terms of wind speed. Have gone through the last 150 years of Cyclone data and without a doubt the sustained wind speeds (3 mins avg) of 130 km/hr recorded at Dum Dum is the highest Kolkata has witnessed in over 100 years. A strong El Niño event was very active during that time. The media coverage has varied, from Kolkata being in the eye of the storm to having got a go-by. West Bengal Sundarbans Affairs Minister Manturam Pakhira noted that storms are becoming stronger and stronger: “[2009’s Cyclone] Aila’s wind speed was 110 km/h, [2019’s Cyclone] Bulbul was 130 km/h, but Amphan was 220 km/h.” The rise in frequency and intensity of cyclones can be linked in part to climatic changes in the Bay of Bengal. 16–19 May 1997: May 1997 Bangladesh cyclone hit the coastal islands and chars near Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Noakhali and Bhola districts. In its special bulletin, the Met office said the cyclone may intensify further and might cross the Bangladesh coast between Khulna and Chittagong early today, which could, however, be delayed till this evening. Tropical Storm Aila struck southern Bangladesh and eastern India on May 27, 2009. Clean drinking water was an acute problem: tidal surges continued to wash salty water inland over damaged levees, and salt water cannot be decontaminated with regular water purification tablets, according to reports from BBC news. The met office has already asked the Chittagong and Cox's Bazar port authorities to hoist signal number six, while Mongla and Payra port authorities were asked to hoist signal number seven, which means those ports will experience a severe storm. These signals are announced based on the mode of the cyclone measuring intensity and velocity of the wind. The day began on this dismal note, along with winds and rain. Whether it is the scurried haphazard non-linear movement of ants, or the frenzied cacophony of birds, the stillness and reclusive inclination of cats, or the frenetic behaviour of other animals in tandem with the raging sound of winds and spells of sudden stillness that warn of the impending 'eye'; nature has indeed fine-tuned her biome to warn man of her own natural disasters. About 150 persons were killed and 200,000 houses were damaged in the storm. It is only the tree stumps and blank frames of signboards that speak of the Aila having stormed in and left. Casualty: 126 people. India Water Portal is an In May this year, Fani had made landfall near Puri. Cyclonic storm Aila with a wind speed of 100 kmph was only 50 km away from Kolkata and was likely to hit the city any time soon, the met office said. We went for a stroll instead, in the evening drizzle, in the Millenium Park, alongside river Ganga. According to the latest bulletin released at around 3pm on Tuesday by the Bangladesh meteorological department (BMD), the maximum sustained wind speed within 85km of the cyclone centre is about 200kph, rising to 220kph in gusts and squalls. This was a major setback, for the labour classes in Kolkata who commute from these villages. The waters of the river were unusually choppy, slurping over the balustrades. The maximum wind speed was up to 210 km/h. Peak frequency shift to lower frequencies for all three wind components when AILA is in the vicinity suggests the influence of tropical cyclone associated with larger eddies. Authorities have begun to assess the scale of damage on the ecosystem, infrastructure, and livelihoods. The lack of preparedness was evident, as usual, despite the newly formed Disaster Management Department. If the direction of the storm towards Bangladesh persists with more than 100kmph, the Met office will declare a great danger signal. Later, I learned from my maid that she had spend that night in her drenched clothes, packed with others in the trains grounded at the Sealdah station. Cyclone Aila (2009) Aila, a category 1 cyclone, with a wind speed of 120 km/h hit south western coastal districts of Bangladesh on 25 May 2009, killing 190 people, affecting more than 3.9 million people (Khatun et al., 2017) across the 11 coastal districts, disrupting their livelihoods, and destroying infrastructure. Summers translate to cyclones in these parts, as Bay of Bengal gets subject to extreme heating, giving rise to humid, intense air masses producing cyclones. The Calcutta Municipal Corporation said the Mominpore area had received almost 256mm of rain in the 24 hours till 11pm. A tropical cyclone (TC) is a rotational low-pressure system in tropics when the central pressure falls by 5 to 6 hPa from the surrounding and maximum sustained wind speed reaches 34 knots (about 62 kmph). Gale winds at a speed of 80-90 km per hour were accompanied with heavy rains. “Compared with previous cyclones like Sidr and Aila, it seems more severe in terms of wind speed in the center of the cyclone,” said Monowar Hossain, meteorologist of BMD. In 2009, cyclone Aila had hit the city at 103km an hour, and its impact was limited to an afternoon. More information and detailed images can be accessed here: Cyclone Aila Floods from Cyclone Aila in India and Bangladesh All Rights Reserved. Obviously the boats would not operate. It is categorized as an “Extremely Severe Cyclone.” According to the latest bulletin released at around 3pm on Tuesday by the Bangladesh meteorological department (BMD), the maximum sustained wind speed within 85km of the cyclone centre is about 200kph, rising to 220kph … The only comparison that the people of coastal Bengal and the authorities could make was with Cyclone Aila which struck in 2009, but with a speed of … As the milkman said, it was a blessing, as every second person was in wet clothing and "at least we had body warmth from being huddled together"! The cyclone hit with a wind speed of about 160 km per hour associated with storm surge of 3.7-7.6 metre. Cyclone Aila hit offshore 15 districts of southwestern part of Bangladesh with wind speed of 120 km per hour. So of necessity, I have long since devised my own traditional method of "knowing". Around 190 peoples died 7103 injuries and affected about 3.9 million people. This was however a cyclone with a difference, in that, the warning came almost 36 hours in advance. Measuring the wind speed, weathermen fear that it could be as devastating as Sidr and Aila, if it does not weaken before hitting the coast. These signals are announced based on the mode of the cyclone measuring intensity and velocity of the wind. Synoptic features of AILA The track of severe cyclonic storm AILA in the Bay … "The second spell of the storm started around 4.30 p.m. when the southern tip reached Kolkata. The following images are from Anil Gulati, offering us a first hand look at the cyclone hit areas in a set of sparse yet telling images. This compounded the situation at Howrah station, as a large chunk of the working section commutes from areas lying to the West of the river. The maximum wind speed was 225 km/hour, and the storm surge reached 3.05 metres. All long distance trains from Howrah were suspended, as the route lay through the path of storm. Paddy fields have turned barren due to the saltwater ingress. All content on this website is published The last big storm to hit Kolkata was Aila in 2009, with a wind speed of about 70 kmph. It was the worst natural disaster to affect Bangladesh since Cyclone Sidrin November 2007. Aila paralyses life in coastal Orissa 2A Media Limited. the capital and all afected southern districts. It was the outlying districts of 24 Paraganas [North & South], Howrah and East Midnapur that bore the maximum brunt of Cyclone Aila, as always. scale and behavior of surface layer wind spectra for neutral condition under disturbed weather, i.e. May 19, 1997 2.2.2. 25th May. Media reports say the cyclone moving at a speed of 80 kmph, is headed towards Kolkata and its southern districts, predicted to hit the city in the afternoon. Aila almost completely fills this scene, stretching from the Bay of Bengal deep into India, Bangladesh, and Burma (Myanmar). The coastal districts of Satkhira, Khulna, Bagerhat, Jhalakathi, Pirojpur, Barguna, Patuakhali, Bhola, Barisal, Laxmipur, Chandpur, Noakhali, Feni, Chattogram and their offshore islands and chars will suffer the worst of the storm, while the low-lying areas of those districts could be inundated. storm is termed a cyclone (Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal), typhoon (Western P acific) or. By afternoon, panic was widespread, as news of roadside deaths and uprooted trees, possibilities of the city being in the eye of the storm, with 6-8 feet high waves in the river with Ganga tributaries crossing danger mark, spread through offices, households and amongst commuters. So, the wave heights were significantly lower than they had been during the 2009 Cyclone Aila. West Bengal Sundarbans Affairs Minister Manturam Pakhira noted that storms are becoming stronger and stronger: " [2009's Cyclone] Aila's … So much, for the accuracy of the "Breaking News" constantly flashing across the TV screens. The December 1965 Cyclone: A cyclone hit the country on December 15, 1965 with a wind speed of about 217 km per hour and 2.3-3.6 metre storm surges. “Aila’s wind speed was 110, Bulbul was 130 but Amphan was 220 kmph,” he claimed. Even today, the residents of the city are not clear about whether the cyclone indeed "hit"Kolkata, or merely brushed past, such was the intensity of winds and stormy trail it left in its wake. Some islands in the Bay of Bengal and the mangrove forests of the Sundarbans region were inundated and still cut off from relief and rescue workers as of May 29, 2009. Cyclone Aila came close but was 30% weaker than Amphan when it was over Kolkata.

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